It is advised that you have a roaming phone number before you leave the country so that you can be immediately reached upon arrival or should there be some problems. You can choose to discontinue later with your roaming phone number once you already have a local phone number.
There are several options for roaming provided by telecommunication companies in your country. Check which one offers the best and arrange for this prior to leaving.
If you have an international driver’s license, check whether this is recognised in the destination country. Some countries still require you to take exams or pass some requirements before your international driver’s license can be validated overseas. At times, you must get a new one in the destination country.